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6th World Water Forum
Home Page  > + Forum Programme  > Sessions > Theme 1

Theme 1: Global Change and Risk Management

Topic 1.1 Adapting to Climate Change

1.1 Panel on Adaptation: Dialogue on Regional Perspectives on Water, Adaptation and Climate: The session 'Dialogue on Regional Perspectives on Water, Adaptation and Climate' will  discuss the development of regional enabling mechanisms on adapting to climate change, issues of common interest such as the global agenda on adaptation, the regional role to support national and basin level adaptation and the link of the regions to national and basin level adaptation. Contact: Cooperative Programme on Water and Climate (CPWC)

1.1.2 Can we plan our way to adaptation? Waiting for things to happen or trying to be prepared? The overall climate change context is clear: If mitigation is about energy, adaptation is about land and water. Climate change impacts us directly through water (wetter or drier, more frequent floods and droughts, rising sea levels), but also indirectly through human activities which depend on water. Can we plan our way to being well prepared? Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is a widely accepted approach to deal with water across all its uses and to function for our environment. Can we build our strategies and plans for adaptation on this approach?
Contact: Global Water Partnership, assisted by UNEP-DHI

1.1.3 Local Actions - Thinking beyond the water box: What adaptation to global and climate change? How will local climate adaptation be done in practice? Climate change impacts on the local level will look differently depending on where in the world you live and how much money you have to adapt. For example, the Netherlands and Bangladesh have many of the same problems in common when in comes to climate change, but completely different financial resources to deal with the problems. This session will give the framework for the vulnerabilities and the solutions and will provide an opportunity for strengthening global coalition building for climate adaptation on the ground to support local action.
Contact: International Water Association (IWA) support from IUCN, WWF, ICID, GEF

1.1.4 The financial gap between what needs to be done and how to get it done. Can Climate Change Adaptation be adequately financed? According to studies by the UNFCCC and others, the additional investment and financial flows needed for adaptation to climate change are likely to amount to tens of billions of dollars annually for the coming decades. Several proposals have been put forward to identify additional sources of funding, but currently existing international financing mechanisms are small compared to the magnitude of needs. More appropriate funding is expected by the South that needs to be new and additional, predictable, equitable, and adequate. A partnership arrangement between North and South could be considered, aimed at helping developing countries in their transition to carbon-constrained and climate resilient economies.
Contact: The World Bank, the European Investment Bank & KfW Bankengruppe

1.1.5 Special Focus On: Running Dry! How to turn droughts into opportunities for better management. Drought planning and management: successful experiences from around the Globe. Contact: SPANISH DIRECTORATE FOR WATER - Ministry of Environment, and Rural and Marine Affairs

Special Focus-On: Water issues of Small islands: Several questions arise from the combined effects of severed draught period associated with climate change, uneven availability of water resources often associated with a downgrading of the quality of the resource. The growing demand for water has become one of the most poignant environmental issues in the PECC economies today. Contact: The Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC)

Special Focus-On: Risk Management of Water Infrastructure Projects Related to Mega Natural Disasters: Development and management of more secure and reliable water infrastructure after mega disasters for human sustainability. Contact:Ministry of Water Resources, P.R. China, China Insititue of Water Resources and Hydropower Research

Special Focus-On: Climate Related Disasters and Their Management: The Special Session aims to discuss challenges for effective management of water-related disasters in light of future projections of climate change. The session aims to bring in the views of meteorological services and water sectors from different parts of the world to elaborate further discussions on coordination between meteorological and water sectors, data and products are critical for the water sectors, and dissemination of the data and products to the water sectors for a more effective management of water-related disasters. Contact: Turkish State Meteorological Service (DMI)

1.2 Water Related migration, changing land use and human settlements

1.2.1 Rural-Rural Migration: Climate change, land degradation, water shortage, poverty and population pressure are the primary drivers of rural-rural migration. What is meant as an adaptation measure could trigger resource and ethnic conflicts. Large scale organized resettlement can accompany development projects or be implemented as precautionary measure to avoid natural hazard-triggered disasters. Rural to rural movements are often the first phase of migratory process. Therefore, a strong focus is needed to address the root of the problem.
Contact: United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Bonn, Germany, UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC), Bonn, Germany & Southeastern Anatolia Project Regional Development Administration (GAP Administration), Turkey

1.2.2 Rural-Urban Migration:
 The world’s megacities, a majority of which are located along coastal areas, will most likely face the largest migration pressures in the future. Incoming rural populations, often concentrated in slum areas, create even more unexpected pressures on existing infrastructures. What new models exist to develop and manage water and sanitation services in quickly expanding urban areas, and how long will this influx towards the cities last? Which capacities need to be developed to provide an efficient water supply and sanitation service to the new influx of migrants? What does the rural exodus imply for both women and men?
Contact: United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Bonn, Germany, Southeastern Anatolia Project Regional Development Administration (GAP Administration), Turkey, UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC), Bonn, Germany

1.2.3 Crossing Borders/Seas:
For centuries, populations have moved towards water. But, global changes today can provoke mass displacements that have undeniable impacts on the environment and on water resources. Can improved access, know-how and funding reduce migration by providing solutions to the problems back home?
Contact: United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Bonn, Germany, Southeastern Anatolia Project Regional Development Administration (GAP Administration), Turkey, UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC), Bonn, Germany

1.2.4 Wrap-up and Synthesis: This slot will wrap up the previous 3 sessions exploring how water related migration challenges can be tackled through multi-stakeholder alliance and CCEMA as such an example will be officially launched. Contact: United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Bonn, Germany, Southeastern Anatolia Project Regional Development Administration (GAP Administration), Turkey, UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC), Bonn, Germany

1.3 Managing Disasters

1.3.0 Opening of the Topic 1.3: Contact: Japan Water Forum (JWF)

1.3.1 Trialogue Session: Building bridges between government, science and civic society: In the context of disaster management strategies, Government, Society and Science must interface effectively. Government, which is responsible for making decisions that are applicable to society as a whole, depends on Science to provide better understanding and to predict natural disasters, so that individuals, organisations and economic entities do not suffer the consequences.
Contact: Royal Haskoning, Rotterdam

1.3.2 Technologies for Water-Related Disaster Management: Loss of life and livelihoods triggered by water-related disasters are major impediments to sustainable development and poverty reduction. However, a combination of indigenous knowledge, existing technologies and new innovations will most likely hold the key to safeguarding populations.
Contact: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport & Tourism  (Japan) and Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Turkey

1.3.3 Managing Water Related Risks in Changing Climate: Shifting from “Reaction” to “Prevention” of disasters will be key in the future. Water-related disasters have already increased their frequencies and magnitudes. How can political decision-makers be encouraged to create policies that anticipate disasters, rather than concentrating on relief efforts?  Which new concepts have been developed to cope with these situations in different contexts?
Contact: Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of Republic of Korea & World Meteorological Organisiation

1.3.4 Water Management During and After Disasters /Conflicts: The provision of adequate water and sanitation is essential in preventing the spread of epidemics and diseases. Together with swift emergency responses, medium term solutions are key elements in establishing normality of services in the water sector. How can the various entities on the affected side, such as local governments, international agencies, donor organizations and NGOs streamline their efforts with regard to mid and long-term solutions?
Contact: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Japan,
International Cooperation Agency (JICA), League of Arab States, Palestinian Water Authority (PWA), UNICEF

1.3.5 Wrap-up: Contact: Japan Water Forum (JWF)




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